تعرف على الليبرالية في ٣ دقائق: الإتحادات العمالية

Written by Islam Hussein. Posted in + اقتصاد, + مجتمع, + نظام سياسي, راديو ليبرالية, ليبرالية +

في حلقة هذا الإسبوع، غيرت العنوان العام للحلقة إلي “تعرف على الليبرالية في ٣ دقائق” فالهدف الآن اني اشرح مبادئ الليبرالية في أقل وقت ممكن. :)

حلقة إليوم عن رؤية الليبرالية للحركات و الإتحادات العمالية. أهم النقاط هي أن:

1. للعمال حقوق مطلقة في العمل العمالي (و هذا يشمل الإضراب)

2. أهمية إستقلال الإتحادات من الدولة و هذا يشمل عدم اعطائهم حميات خاصة من الدولة

مقالات متعلقة:

الغرف التجارية و النقابات: وجهان لعملة واحدة– ما لهم و ما عليهم

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Comments (2)

  • غير معروف

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    I really like this episode but I have a question. What would guarantee a minimum of benifits for workers under these circumstances? I agree that competition is healthy but shouldn’t there be guidlines like minimum wage or medical insurance..etc? Unions are more effectgive in the public than the private sector.

    Reply

    • Islam Hussein

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      I really like this episode but I have a question.

      Thank you. Please spread the word. I wish for this site to be a forum for all to be able to discuss ideas freely and in good faith.

      What would guarantee a minimum of benifits for workers under these circumstances?

      In a pure liberal system, there are two main mechanisms that ensure workers’ benefits. The first is the employers’ interest in a healthy, happy and productive worker. The problem most people have is that the early/much of the 20th century, those early capitalists thought that by paying less and else they can still get away with well-manufactured products and high sales. Corporations are learning that that is not the case and that treating your employees and workers properly, you actually build a better and more acceptable image and at the same time end up with a happier labor force that does its job better. As a liberal intellectual, when we say that we are out to “educate” that self-interest often entails trying your best to make those you interact with (economically and otherwise) happier, we mean to educate people on both ends of the economic income spectrum –both the capitalists need education and others, including ourselves (skepticism and self-questioning is an inherent quality of the liberal).

      The second mechanism is that of independent labor unions. Independent labor unions will negotiate with employers in order to improve the working conditions of its laborers and employees.

      The problem that many in have in not giving labor unions special protections from the government (e.g., during strikes, employers can’t hire other workers instead) is that they feel that they (the workers who are members of these unions) will have to compete with those not covered by the union (including those who are not employed) and that that competition among the labor force will eventually drive the value of their labor to zero (i.e., enslavement).

      This is decidedly untrue because of the first mechanism (the desire of the employers to guarantee some minimum good standard of living for the workers).

      Moreover, as I say in the podcast, it is important to give those without jobs a chance to get a job and that too stringent a set of demands by the unions (protected by special privileges from the state) prevents the unemployed from being able to get a job legally. They can get jobs that violate union laws in a sub-economy, but that makes them “criminals” and essentially unfree to use their ability to work freely (i.e., slaves to the unions).

      The final part of this answer is a little more technical: on the margin humans can only accept work below which it is not important for them to do so if the reward is not acceptable. At which point they refuse to work. That minimum work is not an income of $0 and employers have to at least contend with that. And because of the first two points (desire of employers for a healthy workforce and existence of independent unions), the work conditions are usually higher than that minimally accepted by the workers.

      And that would be the most accurate market-value of the labor (and not an inflated minimum wage that has many bad effects on the overall economy).

      Unions are more effectgive in the public than the private sector.

      It depends on how one defines “effective”. If by “effective” one means “effective” in giving more to the workforce without giving back to the public the equivalent of that compensation, I am not sure that is a good kind of “effective”. Overall, it is easier to make unions extract more from a governmental employer than from a private sector one because the politicization of the process in order for politician to appeal to the masses, regardless of the quality of the work done by government employees in return for the compensation.

      P.S., I favor Basic Income Guarantee (especially one with a non-progressive tax rate) over minimum wage laws. Less destructive to the overall economy and guarantees some minimum income for all.

      Reply

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